Study of elementary students' arguments for concepts and phenomena of the Natural Sciences during experiments: the case of electricity (Master thesis)

Αργυρακάκη, Θεοδώρα/ Argyrakaki, Theodora

This paper seeks to study the arguments developed by the students of the sixth grade in their participation in experimental applications related to electricity. The sample consisted of 19 pupils of the 6th grade and the didactic experiment was selected as a research process. The survey data constituted the 726 comments the students produced in their written answers to the worksheets they filled in. Both the oral comments at each child and the collective written comments were recorded and analyzed in terms of the purpose of the research. Oral comments were analyzed depending on their kind according to the categories proposed by Clark & Sampson (2008) and the arguments made in both the oral, and the worksheets were evaluated on the modified Louca & Hammer framework. The analysis of the data revealed that students were actively involved in discussions when conducting experiments, and making a variety at comments, the majority of which are “organizational” and “allegations”. Even though students don't present many counter-arguments that are a sign of a higher-quality of argumentation, they argue often using many comments that reinforce the conversation and many allegations with or without justification
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Δημοκρίτειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θράκης. Σχολή Επιστημών Αγωγής. Παιδαγωγικό Τμήμα Δημοτικής Εκπαίδευσης
Subject classification: Chemistry--Study and teaching
Keywords: Φυσικές επιστήμες,Πειράματα,Ηλεκτρισμός,Εxperiments,Εlectricity

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