End-stage heart failure, conservative treatment, palliative/palliative care (Master thesis)

Γίδαρης, Ευάγγελος/ Gidaris, Evangelos

Heart failure is considered one of the most important public health concerns in modern times, as there is an increasing trend in its incidence worldwide. It is caused by various causes, such as hypertension and heart disease. Epidemiology highlights the importance of the problem, while diagnosis and classification play a crucial role in the therapeutic approach. Advances in science and technology in modern times have caused a substantial change in the approach to health problems in terms of prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases. As well as, it has also influenced health promotion efforts. Palliative care is now a priority and is influenced by the psychological, spiritual, social, and physical dimensions of illness. This paper is an attempt to examine the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the heart, focusing on heart failure. Initially, the structure and function of the heart is presented, followed by a review of the definition, causes, mechanisms and classification of heart failure. It focuses on the differences between left and right ventricles, as well as the stages of the disease. The epidemiology and pathophysiology of heart failure are then discussed, with emphasis on the relationship with diet. The prognosis, diagnosis and various treatment approaches, including pharmaceutical, conservative and palliative care are described. Finally, economic aspects and challenges in the health sector, including the lack of access to services, the lack of resources and the state of palliative care in Greece are examined, and the challenges in home care for patients with heart failure are discussed.
Institution and School/Department of submitter: Δημοκρίτειο Πανεπιστήμιο Θράκης. Σχολή Επιστημών Υγείας. Τμήμα Ιατρικής
Subject classification: Heart failure
Keywords: Heart failure,Palliative care,Home care,Καρδιακή ανεπάρκεια,Παρηγορητική φροντίδα,Κατ' οίκον φροντίδα
URI: https://repo.lib.duth.gr/jspui/handle/123456789/17736
Appears in Collections:Π.Μ.Σ. ΒΙΟΗΘΙΚΗ

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